As of 2005, Maine has an
estimated population of 1,321,505, which is an increase of 6,520, or 0.5%, from
the prior year and an increase of 46,582, or 3.7%, since the year 2000. This
includes a natural increase since the last census of 6,413 people (that is
71,276 births minus 64,863 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of
41,808 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States
resulted in a net increase of 5,004 people, and migration within the country
produced a net increase of 36,804 people.
Maine is a popular tourist destination,
but it also experiences harsh winters and, consequently, the great temporary
influx of visitors occurs during the warmer months. Many of these visitors
establish an alternate secondary residence in Maine during some or all warm
months and then depart for their primary residence in the off-season. These are
the summer people of Maine lore. Official census figures normally count a person
as a resident only once, at the place of the primary home. Therefore, there are
some situations in which official census figures could be misleading for Maine.
For example, some communities may have a much larger seasonal retail sector than
their official, small population figure would imply.
The center of population of Maine is
located in Kennebec County, in the city of Augusta . However, as explained in
detail under "Geography", there are large tracts of uninhabited land in some
remote parts of the interior.